Human Tooth Structure
Human tooth (plural form is “teeth”) is a calcified and hard structure found in the mouths or jaws of many vertebrates and generally used to chewing of foods into smaller pieces. Teeth are very special to us among all important organs in human anatomy. The teeth are the hardest forms in our body and plays a very major role while chewing, in speech, in our daily life. Carnivores like some animals also use their teeth for hunting or defensive purposes. Without it, we can’t even think for one day. We human have Diphyodont meaning our teeth generated two times in life. There are two types of teeth –
Milk Teeth (20 teeth)
If we divide our total upper and lower jaws into 4 parts we can find mainly 4 types of the tooth in each part (counted from middle divider to right or left side) –
- Incisors (2 teeth)
- Canines (1 tooth)
- Premolars (0 teeth) – Infants does not have any premolar teeth
- Molars (2 teeth) – 3rd Molar (also known as Wisdom Tooth) teeth do not exist in infants
Permanent Teeth (32 teeth)
Here in case of an adult, we can find 32 numbers of teeth. Each of the 4 parts has the following teeth configuration –
- Incisors (2 teeth)
- Canines (1 tooth)
- Premolars (2 teeth)
- Molars (3 teeth)
Various Dental or Teeth Complications and Problems
Human Tooth Decay or Cavity Formation
Details – Tooth decay or cavity may occur due to various reasons. Here we will discuss not only cavity on Wisdom Tooth but also for all teeth. When the cavity one develops day by day it decays more and started pain when food particles get into our teeth and develop bacterial infections. Decay may develop on any tooth surface whenever dental plaque stuck and remain for longer period of time which gradually develops bacteria which makes acid to melt out teeth’s enamel (crown part).
Why Wisdom Teeth Case is more Difficult – Whenever this cavity develops especially on wisdom tooth which is 3rd molar teeth is very difficult, or sometimes even impossible to clean which draws higher risk for cavity formation. Most of the cases wisdom teeth are either misaligned (erupted but crooked) or only partially erupted (only some part erupted from the gums). Our brush and floss are generally unable to properly clean up those sections and end up with the cavity and its very common phenomenon.
Plaque and Debris can also be Accumulated underneath the Gum Line – Whenever we have partially erupted tooth and some portion of the tooth crown is under gum line then plaque is very common to be stored in this underneath area and makes a proper environment of bacterial colonization.
This happens as this space is full of partially underneath the gum lines it cant be accessed and washed through brush and floss. Food particles gradually stored and give birth to bacterias which ultimately cause tooth decay and infections.
The Impacted Human Tooth may also Damage the Associated Teeth
Once bacterial colonization and cavity develop on any tooth especially wisdom tooth and space between adjacent teeth is minimal. Those teeth may not easy to clean and gradually cavity forms. In case of wisdom tooth, it generally doesn’t erupt with maintaining the other teeth alignment. This pushes the nearby teeth (due to the shortage of eruption space) and damage on the nearby tooth (2nd molar).
According to medical science, wisdom teeth is not so important compared to 2nd molar. In this world, a large percentage of people can live well without 3rd molar with no issues at all. But when due to impaction, cavity, and infections 2nd molar also to be extracted with 3rd molar. This is surely a tragedy to us as it has a very important role in our daily food processing.
Teeth Problems Remedies, When to Visit a Dentist and What Steps to Follow
As of we seems familiar to various tooth complications. Now its time to discuss What, How and When to do things before its getting too late.
When to Visit a Dentist
Here are some points when you should go, check and consult with a dentist to recover and heal from various dental complications. The dentist will help you and suggest what precautions and surgical procedure to operate.
- When you find some hole like a cavity in any of your teeth
- When you find your tooth is changing its color and this discoloration not going away after brushing and flossing well for weeks
- If you feel any type of pain, infections or uneasiness in dental structure (teeth, gum and in associated areas)
- If any of your teeth weakens and pain when touched
- When you find any infection developed in the gum area
- When your wisdom tooth has partially erupted and you are unable to clean it well
Human Tooth Extraction
If Repair may Not be Possible – In the worst-case scenario when wisdom tooth or any other teeth are badly impacted, major decay, in an inaccessible location, cannot be repaired then it must be extracted. In case neighboring teeth are also impacted due to other tooth’s bacterial infection both teeth to be extracted. If there is nerve tissue death due to advanced decay then extraction or root canal procedure to require.
According to Future Thoughts – Even if in some cases where a dental filling could be efficiently possible but the tooth (especially the wisdom tooth) still not possible to keep clean using toothbrush and floss. In those scenarios, looking to the future possible outlook dentist might suggest you for tooth removal over restoring it.
If Recurrent Decay Develops – Recurrent decay means when after dental filling a new cavity is forming in the adjacent area of that filling. In this case, the dentist knows the future problems and feels extraction of that tooth. Below are some points related to this scenario.
- Advanced decay can cause much pain and swelling
- New decay formation makes it more difficult to repair and extraction
- Extraction costs you one time where repairing may cost you much and it is a recurring process
- The dentist can also offer replacement teeth or duplicate teeth to serve its purpose
In case You Don’t Want Dental Filling Approach – In case you teeth especially wisdom teeth are fully erupted and aligned with others but small cavity issue appears and touched with behind gum area which is prone to cause more cavities. You may prefer tooth extraction rather than tooth filling because you don’t want to regularly put effort to keep it plaque-free and thus dental filling will not serve in the long term.
Human Tooth Dental Filling
Depending on the conditions and scenario there may some possibility of repairing decayed tooth available. Here are those conditions and scenarios –
Where Dental Filling Works Efficiently – If a cavity has formed in any tooth including wisdom tooth it’s also possible to repair that through the dental filling. This procedure helps efficiently if the cavity is relatively small and formed in a very accessible location.
May Be You Don’t Wanna Lose Any Tooth? – In case you want all of 32 teeth that god have given to you and if your teeth including wisdom teeth are well aligned with others and fully erupted. Then dental filling can serve your desires and makes you keep smiling.